景山罪槐

树名:景山罪槐

名称:国槐

科属:豆科,槐属

学名:Sophora japonica L.

树高1100cm,胸径57cm,名木

生长位置:

东城区景山公园煤山东坡

  

景山罪槐

   627年明朝的末代皇帝朱由检(崇祯皇帝),在内忧外患、风雨飘摇中登基。1644年,李自成起义军兵临城下,朱由检慌了神,鸣钟召集群巨商量对策,竟无一人出面,就剩下身边的太监王承恩。慌乱中,亲手杀死了女儿,逼死了皇后,在王承恩的搀扶下,跌跌撞撞爬上煤山东麓,在一棵愧树上自溢。清兵入关,定鼎北京,为了笼络人心,溢崇祯为庄烈帝,葬昌平明陵。川面治皇帝给那棵歪脖古愧定为“罪愧”,把崇祯之死归罪于树,树身常年挂着一条粗大的铁锁链。哪晓得322年之后,这树又罪上加罪,因属于封建垃圾的而遭活活扒皮,“凌退”致死,历史竟如此令人啼笑皆非!

The“Sinner Pagoda Tree”in Jingshan Park

In 1627,Emperor Chongzhen,the last one for Ming dynasty,came to throne to inherit

an empire on quicksands,

confronted with both internal and external troubles.In 1644,whenthe uprising force of Li Zichengbesieged Beijing,the alarmed

emperor could not even mustera single court official to his

service.In panic, he personallykilled his daughter, forced the

queen into suicide before he

hung himself on a pagoda tree atCoal Hill.After the establishmentof Qing dynasty in Beijing,the

Manchurian rulers credited himpost-humusly as a martyr andburied him at Ming Tombs in

order to create a favorable imagefor themselves.Emperor Shunzhiattributed Emperor Chongzhen'sdeath to the tree and accused itas the "Sinner Pagoda",to whicha thick iron chain was attached

permanently as a punishment.

No one expected that, 322 yearsafterwards,one more charge ofcrime was inflicted upon the tree,labeling it as feudalism dregs

and having it debarked to death,What an irony in the history of

human beings!

 

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