李自成拴马树

树名:李启成拴马树

名称:银杏

科属:银杏科,银杏属

学名:Ginkgo biloba L.

树高1400cm,胸径255cm,

级别:一级

生长位置:海淀区万寿寺路西段马路中央

 

李自成拴马树

  海淀区万寿寺路西段马路中央,一株干年银杏巍然屹立,似武士威风凛凛,啸傲苍容,守望长河。面对它,人们会常常忆起350多年前那位叱咤风云的李自成,1644年3月17日,传说李自成率部进入长河边这片隐含不少寺庙的树林,把战马拴在古银杏树上,进树洞避雨,这里成了干军万马的临时指挥中心。当夜首破广宁门,末代皇帝朱由检自线煤山,结束了明王朝276年的统治。19日晴空万里,李自成骑着战马,在百姓夹道欢呼中,从德胜门直奔正阳门……

 清代,古银杏树附近出现了一座规模宏大的甘文爆之墓。云贵总督甘文棍在平定“三藩之乱”中以身殉国,康熙皇帝追授他为兵部尚书。新中国成立后,地质学家李四光在此营建新宅,常在古银杏树下踱步,沉思小憩。李四光立于新的起点,书写出了既属于历史更属于明天的宏伟著作,创建了地质力学学派,古树边的暮雨晨风或许触发过他的灵感吧!

The 1000-year-old Ginkgo Tree in Wanshousi Road

Standing proudly in the middle of West Wanshousi Road in Haidian District is a thousand-year-old ginkgo tree,which resembles a dignified warrior thatguards the Changhe (the Long River).The sight of it often reminds people of the awe-inspiring General Li Zicheng,who led an uprising against the Mingemperor over 350 years ago.Legend has it that, on March 17,1644,Li and his army arrived at the temple-dotted forest by the Changhe River and was

caught in a sudden shower. He tied his military horse to this very ginkgo tree and sought shelter in the tree hole,which became the provisional commandingcenter for his mighty army. In that night, his army took Guangning Gate.Emperor Chongzhen,the last of Ming dynasty, hung himself on top of the Coal Hill

in desperation and brought the 276-year reign of Ming dynasty to an end.On the brightly-lit 19th,General Li Zicheng,seated high on his horse and in the

hail of people,embarked on his journey to the throne…

Later in Qing dynasty, one grand tomb emerged near the Ginkgo tree for Gan Wenkun,governing official of Yunnan-Guizhou province who sacrificed his

life in quenching the rebels and was post-humusly honored by Emperor Kangxi as the Minister for the Department of Armies.After the founding of the P. R.China,geologist Li Siguang established his private residence by the tree,which has often seen the geologist wandering beneath it in contemplation.Has

Mr. Li,in his development of geomechanics,gained any inspirations from thousand-year-old ginkgo tree?

 

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