房山十字寺古银杏

树名:房山十字寺古银杏

名称:银杏

科属:银杏科,银杏属

学名:Ginkgo biloba L.

树高1800cm,胸径160 cm,

级别:一级

生长位置:房山区周口店镇车厂村十字寺

  

房山十字寺古银杏

  周口店三盆山下有一株古银杏,附近一方残碑,碑额刻有“十字寺碑”字样,表明这里是元代基督教一个教派景教的遗址。约于1275年,教士拉班·扫马受元世祖忽必烈派遣,带领门徒马古斯等去耶路撒冷朝圣。抵达属国伊儿汗国都城马兽加(今伊朗大不里斯),该国景教总主教任命他为教会巡察总监,还派他出使罗马教廷和英、法等国,都受到最高礼遇。罗马教皇致信忽必烈和伊尔汗君王,高度褒扬他们的功绩,称其为“诚实的使者”。英国学者阿·克·穆尔认为房山十字寺就是拉班·扫马修道7年之处,也是他西行的起点,多数中国学者认同他的推断。

The Ancient Ginkgo Treeat Shizi (Cross)Temple inFangshan District

This old ginkgo tree grows at the

foot of Sanpen Hill in Zhoukoudian.The wreckage of a stone tablet

erected nearby bears such Chinesecharacters as "Shizi Temple",

indicating that this place used to bethe site of a Nestorian Christianity

monastery during Yuan dynasty.

Around 1275,Priest Rabban

Sauma and his disciple Markoswere dispatched by Kublai Khanto Jerusalem to worship the Lord.Upon their arrival at what is now

Tabriz in Iran,the capital city of theempire's tributary country llkhanate,the Archbishop for the Nestorian

branch of Christianity in the countrydesignated Rabban Sauma as

the chief inspecting director ofthe church.He also served as

missionary to the Roman Church,Britain and France,where he was

met with honor. Pope of the RomanChurch wrote letters to Kublai Khanand the emperor of Ilkhanate to

acknowledge their achievementsand addressed them as the“loyal

missionaries" of his.British scholarA.C.Moule asserted Shizi Temple

in Fangshan District as the placewhere Rabban Sauma stayed for7 years for religious practices,aswell as being the starting point forhis westward pilgrimage.His claimwas widely acknowledged by manyChinese scholars.

 

 

 

 

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