大兴双塔寺古银杏

树名:大兴双塔寺古银杏

名称:银杏

科属:银杏科,银杏属

学名 Ginlcgo hilobd L

树高1650cm,胸径172cm,

级别:一级

生长位置:大兴区安定镇前安定村双塔寺遗址

 

大兴双塔寺古银杏

  东汉开国皇帝刘秀(汉光武帝)被王莽所追,在安定双塔寺银杏树下脱险的故事流传很广。刘秀当了皇帝,不忘当年那惊险的一幕,感恩上苍,下沼重修双塔寺,重塑金身。寺旁曾立有《汉光武重修双塔寺》石碑。民间传说往往是反映黎民好恶褒贬的口碑,但毕竟代替不了真实的历史。公元23年5月,刘秀在昆阳(今河南叶县)被王莽大军包围,形势危急。他成功突围,反败为胜。9月,代汉称帝15年的王莽被杀。汉更始帝刘玄移都长安,封刘秀为破虏大将军。让他北渡黄河,镇抚河北各州郡。当时以据守邯单阳勺王郎势力最强,悬赏十万户侯捉拿刘秀。公元24年春,刘秀避实就虚,绕过邯郸,北取蓟县支持王郎的广阳王之子刘接。西汉时的蓟县辖今北京大兴等部分地区。刘秀孤军深入,失利南逃,在蓟县一带,险些丢了性命。那时离王莽死去已经一年,显然追击刘秀的应是佣护王郎的武装。可能因“莽”“郎”谐音,民间错把王郎当成了王莽。王郎自然也难逃王莽一样的厄运,5月,刘秀攻下邯郸后将其处死。公元25年6月刘秀到部(今河北高邑)即皇帝位,东汉从此开始。西汉末距今已近两干年,安定银杏想必是后人补栽,或是树干老朽后萌生的幼树。

The Ancient Ginkgo in Daxing

A widely read anecdote goes that Guangwu Emperor Liu Xiu,the founder of Eastern Han dynasty, had a narrowescape,thanks to the help of the gingko tree in Shuangta(Double Tower) Temple in An’ding town,from his rivalarmy of Wang Mang.In commemoration of this event and the blessing of heaven,Emperor Liu Xiu ordered

the renovation of Shuangta Temple,which was recorded in a stone stele that used to stand by the temple.Butanecdotes are but the reflections of the civilians' preferences which are not necessarily based on historical

facts.In May of 23A.D,Liu Xiu's army was besieged in Kunyang (present Ye county, Henan province)by the

army of Wang Mang.However, he successfully broke the siege and prevailed over his rival,leading to the deathof Wang Mang in September. After that, Liu Xiu was assigned by the then Emperor Gengshi to lead his army

northward to quench the remnants of the rebels in Hebei province.Wang Lang,the leading rebel stationed in

Handan,offered substantial rewards for the capture of Liu Xiu.In the spring of 24A.D,Liu Xiu launched a battleagainst the rebels at Ji county (whose jurisdiction at that time covered a major part of Daxing,Beijing of today),which unfortunately failed and he managed to escape from the rebels that were supportive to Wang Lang.By

that time,Wang Mang had been dead for almost a year. Probably it was because of the similarity between“Mang"and“Lang" that people confused the two,thus mistakenly thought it was Wang Mang that had besieged Liu Xiu.Whatever the case,Liu Xiu pacified the rebels in the end and had Wang Lang killed.In June,25A.D,Liu Xiu

came to the throne and marked the beginning of Eastern Han dynasty. It has been almost 2000 years since theabove events,so most probably, the gingko now growing in An'ding town is either one that was re-planted by

later generations,or a new tree that germinated on the site after the perish of the previous one.

 

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